Thursday, December 13, 2012

Byte: a basic unit of data storage capacity in consumer electronics, devices, and products

Ever wondered what is MB, GB, TB on your cellphones, Ipods, MP4s, Iphones, Ipads, Blackberry phones, laptops, handhelds, USB pen drives, digital cameras, videocams, camcorders, desktop computers, hard drives, PlayStations, PS2, PS3, Xbox, Xbox 360, Wii, PSP, and so on... in those electronic devices, products , gadgets, and gizmos?

A byte is a unit of data storage capacity. The size of a byte depends on the hardware used for a certain device or product. One byte is used to represent or store one character and is  generally equivalent to 8 bits. One bit (binary digit) can only have one value of either 0 or 1.

A character (letter, number, punctuation mark, etc.) like 'c' or '5' or '/' or '?' or space is equal to 1 byte.

A useful rule of thumb is One Thousand characters equals 1 KB.

The Binary Table:

1 byte = 8 bits = 1 character

1 Kilobyte (KB) = 1024 bytes

1 Megabyte (MB) = 1024 KB

1 Gigabyte (GB) = 1024 MB

1 Terabyte (TB) = 1024 GB

1 Petabyte (PB) = 1024 TB

1 Exabyte (EB) = 1024 PB

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